The meaning of the word image in Latin, imago, in the etimologia of the word assigns the morturia mask taken in the funerals in the antiquity Roman, gift in the origin of the writing, the religions, the art and the cult of deceased. Plato and Aristotle defend the image as being: for some it is deceptive, for others it educates and it deviates from the truth or for the opposite it leads to the knowledge. However it observed that the image does not illustrate nor it reproduces the reality, it reconstructs from a proper language that is produced in data historical context, this wants to say that the use of the image for the historian estimates a series investigations that go very beyond the recognition of visual documents. A primordial function of the image is the pedagogical function with this exalta the intellectual freedom of each individual being a complement more in the reading and the historical and cultural context. In the last few decades, the use of the films and sets of documents in the history lessons practical one propagated between the professors became one, in such a way that the device of DVD and in some cases the Internet of broad band had finished of if becoming indispensable equipment in the history education. We understand the film and the set of documents as a precious source, that exceeds the limit of the entertainment and walks for the understanding of the behaviors, of the vises of world, the values, the identities and the ideologies of a society or a historical moment. The film and cinematographic set of documents is a cultural product of one determined society, express the vision of world of one determined group of people and, as such, it is a document that it needs to be understood as resulted of deliberated intentions, in all the directions of its production and form of circulation. .