As sacred, honor and respect enjoyed by the people where were discovered thermal springs. One of these remarkable places of nature is the region of Caucasian Mineral Waters, where 225 years ago was laid Konstantinogorskaya fortress that gave rise to the city of Pyatigorsk and where more than 200 years developing four wonderful resort – Kislovodsk, Pyatigorsk, Yessentuki, Zheleznovodsk. Here is rich in nature, weather and climatic conditions, in the bowels of the earth are born of water and heroic, where they set the keys poured onto the surface, there were initially primitive folk hospital, and then the well-known resorts. The history of these the first Russian resort, as life and work of the pioneers of natural resources. The powerful gifts of nature, when they became known in Russia, more than a century have been available only military, but select group of visitors, have sufficient funds to travel to water. The situation changed after the revolution in 1917 and calming the situation in the country.
During the Soviet period in the history of city-resort vacation resorts Kavminvodskoy group was on truly national, mass. The same situation is typical for the modern period in the history of resorts. All of the 200 years of existence and development of the Caucasian Mineral Waters is a period of hard work, public bodies and academic institutions in the development of domestic natural treatments. And now it is a priority for the state. But we should not forget historical facts, dates associated with the development of Russian spa sciences, largely original, which has developed its own way, different from Western countries. In European countries, there are resorts for many centuries, and some of them more than a thousand years. In Russia, they appeared only at the beginning the last century, and were among the first KMV. At the same time came and balneology – the science of spa treatment.
Resort and sanatorium business can thrive only on a sound scientific basis. In Currently, 14 resorts institutions in the country are developing the scientific problems associated with devising natural therapeutic factors, forward planning of resort-sanatorium network, the study of physiological and therapeutic effect of environmental factors and many other problems spa practice. More than 2,000 physicians and scientists employed in laboratories and clinics. Grew more complex science, it is laid in the Caucasian resorts, where in the middle of last century there was the first Russian Russian balneology society. Over 60 years of fruitful work has established the foundations of Russian society resort science and not coincidentally, the first resort institute in the Soviet period was organized here in Pyatigorsk. In Pyatigorsk Research Institute of balneology and physiotherapy, his four clinics and in many laboratories today is a broad scientific inquiry. Significantly increased stocks of medical treatment, was continued prospecting by deep drilling, and new deposits of water. Studied and reliably protected by the deposit mud. Based on years of research on animals, healthy and sick people have developed new principles, indications and methods of treatment of natural causes of many diseases that were previously not shown for the spa treatment. Based on the analysis of materials scientific observations drawn a roadmap for further development of resorts and sanatoria in the Caucasian Mineral Waters.