The economic situation of crisis, the disasters of climate and energy crisis caused by human activity. All have their origin in the current development model based on economic growth in the wild and “liberalization” of the economy. Especially in agricultural markets and whose priority is not the right of individuals and peoples to food, but trade. The hunger is not caused by lack of food, but for supremacy with the commercial interests of neoliberal economics and protectionist countries in the first World on one of the most basic rights of human beings. They repeat phrases like “For there to be rich there must be poor,” “is a law of nature”, “pecking order”, etc..
But the facts show that hunger is not an inevitable evil of destiny or the lesser evil. This approach to food as a human right and not only from the also necessary to increase and improve agricultural production. Increased production of rice, maize and wheat alone does not guarantee that the impoverished countries of the planet to pay the prices dictated by “market rules” for these subsistence food for its people. In several cases, these countries abandoned the field to adapt to structural adjustments dictated by the World Bank to address external debts. In the ’60s and ’70s the United States and some European countries gave their farmers massive subsidies, which filled the cheapest food market collapsed agriculture in poor countries. Over thirty years later, agricultural surpluses, are still pouring in the South, strangled by debt and lack of food can no longer afford. Development aid to promote rural productivity in developing countries have a short range.
Even if they could return to their subsistence economies, have little chance of exporting their products by protectionism and the inability to compete with products supported the First World. If the population amounts to 9,000 million by 2050, food production must double, as argued by the director general of FAO. In that sense, the approach of Jeffrey Sachs for the eradication of hunger shows an overview of incorporating health and education programs help to prevent the population is reached and, above all, the proposition that “the more children better. ” So speaking of endogenous development cooperation, which is born of the people themselves – sustainable, comprehensive and balanced. Support for agriculture, together with programs of health, responsible motherhood and education, provide that balance. Not forgetting that you can not give in charity what justice is due. Therefore, international organizations should report to discuss subsidies and trade system fairer and more human. Journalist Carlos Monroy Miguelez