On gobelin factories are vertical (gotlissnymi) or horizontal (basslisnymi) machines. At first, the main thread is not rigidly fixed, but it rolled from the bottom to the top of the roller on which the coils are already woven fabric. To a high gotlissnom machine easier to manipulate, even warp threads are in a constant separation from the odd, and back heald yarn tied to a bracket gripping cords with which the weaver can pull up filament system or network. Basslissny machine equipped with a similar device which, as in all conventional loom controlled by a foot device. In the so-called machine gotlissnom board only serves as a model in which the weaver looks at work before skalkirovav outline of the picture on the base. When basslissnom cardboard machine lies beneath the foundation and fabric on it is a mirror image, so that the result of work on the front side can be seen only after removal of the machine.
In France, for the manufacture of classic tapestries always used gotlissny machine, in other countries have been used are both. Many contemporary artists not only design the cartoons, but also manage their own work, using for this is gotlissnymi machines, because in such a creative approach to business, accurate cartons often do not exist and the artist must constantly review the finished part. The main raw material, usually a coat, sometimes – especially for the basics – cotton or linen. In those periods when the tapestry turned into a replica of the painting, mainly used in silk subtlety that makes it possible to accurately reproduce detail. Where used gold and silver, it is about the same silk threads, but the braided metal fibers. Stained all of these materials in the past – natural dyes them to achieve many tones and shades, on the other hand, they depend on a variety of contemporary artistic concept: for the Gothic tapestries it was enough just a few colors for replica Baroque paintings are often needed in the hundreds.