Kierkegaard (apud VALLS, 2006, P. 61) speaks that ' ' the anguish is the psychological consequence of the conscience of liberdade' '. Therefore that the gift must be understood as the instant of the decision, passed synthesis of and of future. Being the man one to be natural, to be free necessary to consult the individual conscience. If the ethical Greek was an aesthetic one, and the Christian medieval ethics a religious attitude, the hegeliana ethics were politics. Being that, all to act is politician, also and mainly ethical acting. In the second half of the current century the philosophers if had come back mainly toward the question of the speech, but this in two more or less independent ways. The critical one of the ideology searchs to discover the real, material, economic interests or of domination politics.
The analysis of the language has the mritos of the formal severity, when it is concentrated in the analysis of the lingusticas formularizations through which the men they define or they justify its to act. Kierkegaard (apud VALLS, 2006, P. 68) says that ' ' an ethical person is that one that always acts from the alternative well or mal' '. Theodor Adornment (1903-l969) calls the attention for the fact of that today the ethics were reduced something of private. The maximum motto of the ethics is the common good. Hegel insisted on the sphere of the eticidade or the ethical life.
In this sphere, the freedom if carries through eticamente inside of the historical and social institutions, such as the family. Thus, nowadays, the great ethical problems if find in these three moments of the eticidade, family, civil society and State. In relation to the family, today the questions of the ethical requirements of the love are placed of acute maneia very. In special, the reflection on the domination of the calls social minorities called the attention for the necessity new forms of relationship.