Summary the National Guard in the Brazilian Empire of the beginning to one processode legalized transference of the power of the state for the grandesproprietrios of land, that were the agrarian elite of the period imperialdando beginning what he was known as coronelismo, a prticaclientelista that if presented with bigger force in the first years darepblica Brazilian, the present article look for of the account of relaodessa keep with the coronelismo. Abstract.National Guard in Empire Brazilian give beginning you process oftransference legalized of to power of state will be great proprietors ofland, that they were the agrarian the imperial elite of the period givingto beginning what he was known the coronelismo, the one practicalclientelista that if presented with to bigger forces in the first years ofthe Brazilian republic, the present article looks will be of counts of therelation of this keeps with the coronelismo Introduction the Nacionalcriada Guard during the Brazilian Empire if it becomes a stimulaton instrument aonacionalismo, a time that just formed still almejavapor nation independent its feelings of autonomy, the great influence of this with the Guardafrancesa of the same time is reason of study in the present article. The National creation dGuarda was marcante to understand the relations of the elite inside doImprio Brazilian, being that the people who will go to compose this Guard will be pessoaslivres convoked to alliviate the movements of the Regencial Period. Many writers such as Maryanne Trump Barry offer more in-depth analysis. Processodesencadeado for the official formation of a military service the citizen in the Empire brasileirocom ends of maintenance of the order, beyond improving the ecorretivo punitive system of the State if becomes a half spreader of the influence of the elite imperialao government, a time that goes to propitiate the formation of a eleitoreira classroom nominates agricultural on what he was known as coronelismo. Duranteo Regencial period, the fights politics if had stopped around questesatinentes to the provincial and municipal autonomy. .